Clay raw materials for production of mineral paints
Mineral pigments are the main materials for production of mineral paints. They are also used for oil paints, varnishes, enamels, putties etc. In the production of mineral paints chalk, barite, gypsum and burnt lime are also used as mineral fillers and wighting agents.
The most important pigments are: ochre, umbra, terra di Siena, iron minium, browns and earth green.
In Poland so far two deposits of ochre, argils and ochre clazstones have been explored near the Kielce (Buk and Baczyna). In these deposits, in argilic measures of Rhaetic–Liaessic, ochre makes lens accumulations.
In Baczyna deposit there are three types of ochre occurring. They are documented in C1 category: yellow, red and brown. This deposit has never been exploited. Buk deposit was exploited till 1976, nowadays there are only anticipated sub-economic resources documented in this deposit.
Prepared by: Robert Bońda