Helium occurs in numerous natural gas fields in the Polish Lowland. Its content in the natural gas varies from 0.02% to 0.45%. The resources of helium were documented within sixteen fields where its content in the natural gas is varying from 0.22% to 0.42%. These gas fields are situated in the Zielona Góra - Rawicz – Odolanów area (a southern part of the Fore-Sudetic Monocline) and related to the Rotliegend, Zechstein Limestone and Main Dolomite formations of the Permian.
Table 1 shows the current state of development of helium resources.
In 2018, the recovery of helium from ten fields was equal 0.75 million m3. The volume does not include the recovery from the fields in which a helium admixture has not been documented. The total pure helium production by Polish Oil and Gas Company (POGC – in Polish PGNiG) – Odolanów Branch, recovered from the exploited natural gas in Poland, amounted to 3 079 107 m3 in 2018.
The figure below shows resources and production of helium in Poland in the years 1989-2018.
Prepared by: Martyna Czapigo-Czapla, Dariusz Brzeziński